The Five Main CBT Principles
CBT (cognitive Behavioural Therapy) was originally developed in the 1960’s by Aaron Beck who recognised that our internal dialogue and rationales were more influential to our feelings than what we might ‘say’. He recognised that the ‘way’ we think about things determined our experience of ‘reality’ through our core ‘values’ and ‘beliefs’, many of which we will have ‘inherited’ thoughout our early socialisation.
He also recognised that our thoughts affect our feelings, but our feeling also affect our thoughts, so it is possible to cange the ‘way’ we think by changing the way we ‘behave’. These ideas led him to postulate the 5 key principles on which CBT is currently used in modern psychotherapy.
The effectiveness of this type of therapy depends on five key CBT Principles which underpin the philosophy of the technique.
This page provides an overview of those cbt principles with links to more detailed information (click on the links to read more).
CBT Principle 1: There is always another point of view.
The human mind is perfectly capable of interpreting and organising inputs in different ways and in fact does so with an enormous amount of variety and subtlety. This is also known as the ‘interpretist’ perspective.
CBT Principle 2: Events don’t cause feelings.
It’s not what happens around us that makes us feel a certain way, but how we interpret those events. We often claim that external events determine how we feel, but it is what we think those external events ‘mean’ that creates the reaction to thos events!
CBT Principle 3: We all develop unique ways of seeing the world.
Our ‘view’ of how the world works is unique to us and is not a true representation of reality, known as perceptual constructivism. We have a tendency, as humans, to assume that if ‘we’ belive this is the ‘way the world works’, that other people MUST also see it that way. This is not true.
CBT Principle 4: Mind affects body affects mind.
Cognition (thoughts) creates behaviours and feeling and feelings can give rise to thoughts! So we can create new reactions and experiences by changing either our thoughts or our behaviours – this is why it is called ‘Cogntive’ (thinking) Behavioural (feelings and actions) Therapy.
CBT Principle 5: Our minds are scientific.
Our minds are constantly creating new theories and hypotheses leading to the creation of ‘beliefs’.
By understanding these five cbt principles you give yourself the opportunity to make fundamental changes to your life problems and challenges. Each of these ideas are totally evidence-based and have been established, through decades of research and application, to be highly effective for a very wide range of psychological problems.
FREE Initial Consultations
We offer all prospective clients a FREE initial assessment to chat about your problems or your personal development and how these CBT Principles might be relevant for you.
During this 50 minute consultation we will discuss the various options that are available to you and make a considered recommendation based on your individual personal circumstances.
At TranceForm we believe that therapy & counselling should be a collaboration between therapist and client so it’s very important to be able to meet PRIOR to agreeing any kind of help. Our policy is to help people make a fully balanced & considered decision about undertaking work with us, including both the financial and personal implications.
For most mental health issues we recommend following our 10 session Tranceformental CBT Programme (an advanced version of conventional Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) to overcome a wide range of mental health and behavioural problems.
CBT is a proven form of therapy for developing a fundamental level of understanding into the dynamics of your problem, but also for learning new coping skills and strategies for sustainable change over your life.