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CBT Principles

The Five Main CBT Principles

CBT (cognitive Behavioural Therapy) was originally developed in the 1960’s by Aaron Beck who recognised that our internal dialogue and rationales were more influential to our feelings than what we might ‘say’.

He recognised that the ‘way’ we think about things determined our experience of ‘reality’ through our core ‘values’ and ‘beliefs’, many of which we will have ‘inherited’ thoughout our early socialisation.

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He also recognised that our thoughts affect our feelings, but our feeling also affect our thoughts, so it is possible to change the ‘way’ we think by changing the way we ‘behave’. These ideas led him to postulate the 5 key principles on which CBT is currently used in modern psychotherapy.

The effectiveness of this type of therapy depends on five key CBT Principles which underpin the philosophy of the technique.

This page provides an overview of those cbt principles with links to more detailed information (click on the links to read more).

CBT Principle 1: There is always another point of view.

The human mind is perfectly capable of interpreting and organising inputs in different ways and in fact does so with an enormous amount of variety and subtlety.

CBT Principle 2: Events don’t cause feelings.

It’s not what happens around us that makes us feel a certain way, but how we interpret those events. We often claim that external events determine how we feel, but it is what we think those external events ‘mean’ that creates the reaction to those events!

CBT Principle 3: We all develop unique ways of seeing the world.

Our ‘view’ of how the world works is unique to us and is not a true representation of reality, known as perceptual constructivism. We have a tendency, as humans, to assume that if ‘we’ believe this is the ‘way the world works’, that other people MUST also see it that way. This is not true.

CBT Principle 4: Mind affects body affects mind.

Cognition (thoughts) creates behaviours and feelings and feelings can give rise to thoughts! So we can create new reactions and experiences by changing either our thoughts or our behaviours – this is why it is called ‘Cognitive’ (thinking) Behavioural (feelings and actions) Therapy.

CBT Principle 5: Our minds are scientific.

Our minds are constantly creating new theories and hypotheses leading to the creation of ‘beliefs’.

By understanding these five cbt principles you give yourself the opportunity to make fundamental changes to your life problems and challenges. Each of these ideas are totally evidence-based and have been established, through decades of research and application, to be highly effective for a very wide range of psychological problems.

Free Initial Consultations

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We offer all prospective clients an initial consultation to discuss your mental health problems prior to commencing any counselling.

The consultation is free and lasts around 50 minutes.

During this consultation we will discuss the various types of psychological therapy that are available to you and make a considered recommendation based on your individual personal circumstances.

Initial consultations are also available as part of our online counselling service.

At Tranceform Psychology we emphasise the importance of the therapy relationship in helping people to bring about effective change, so its important to be able to ‘meet’ to discuss our change programmes BEFORE proceeding.

Our policy is to help people make a fully balanced & considered decision about undertaking mental health work with us, including both the financial and personal implications.

Buy Our Self-Help Book

The Restrictive Realities of Belief is Paul's recently authored self-help book containing everything you need to know about how mental health problems are 'realised' through the socio-cultural beliefs that we acquire over our lifetimes and what you can do to bring about effective change.

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You can read a synopsis of what this book is all about on this page:

The Restrictive Realities of Belief - Book

It is currently available as a 307 page A4 PDF file for just £19.99 which you can purchase here using PayPal. Your copy of the book will be sent by e-mail.


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For most mental health problems we recommend following our 10 session Tranceformental CBT Programme to overcome a wide range of mental health and behavioural problems.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a proven, evidence-based form of mental health counselling for developing a fundamental understanding of the dynamics of your problem, but also for learning new coping skills and strategies for sustainable change over your life.

The full course costs £795 which you can pay for on our fees page.

Tranceformental CBT is available On-line as well as a one-to-one format in the clinic.

Visit Online Counselling for more details.

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Contact Paul Lee BSc. MSc. MIAEBP

Read about Paul

Psychologist paul lee in shrewsbury

Hi, I have both Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Psychology & specialise in the following therapeutic modalities:

Tranceformental CBT

Happiness Coaching

Psychodynamic Therapy

Call me on 07434 776125

or e-mail me on:

paul@tranceformpsychology.com

Want to Find Out More?

Then Get in Touch Today.

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