1. Home
  2.  ▶ 
  3. Psychological Therapy
  4.  ▶ 
  5. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
  6.  ▶ 
  7. CBT Principles
  8.  ▶ Events Dont Cause Feelings

Events Don’t Cause Feelings

We are all aware of the idea that some things can lead us to ‘feel’ a certain way, whether that’s the rain making us feel miserable, or somebody’s disapproval making us feel ‘down’ about ourselves.

events dont cause feeling - sad man

However much we might buy into this ‘idea’ it is NOT a true representation of what actually happens inside the human mind.

Actually, what happens is:

  1. Firstly, our senses detect some external stimulus (sound, sight, smell or ‘feel’)
  2. Our brain takes this information and compares it to the last experience we had that was the same or similar
  3. Based on this ‘internal’ comparison it classifies the experience as being inside that previously stored ‘category’
  4. Next we apply our ‘belief system’ that we use for that experience and attribute a ‘meaning’ to it
  5. Finally, based on what we believe it ‘means’ to us, we respond with a ‘behaviour’ (normally an emotional response but this could be an ‘action’)

This all happens very quickly, particularly for those experiences that we have had before which are very similar. If the ‘stimulus’ is very new to us, then the process tends to be much longer as we need to ‘make sense’ of the stimulus before categorising it.

Conventional Interpretation of an Event


Event with Additional ‘Interpretation’ Step Added


It is this intermediate step where our belief systems provide us with an ‘interpretation’ of what that event ‘means’ that we should be aware of as this ‘filter’ does not necessarily reflect an accurate picture of the event.


“Simon arranges to meet a girl outside the cinema for their first date. Ten minutes after the time she is supposed to meet him there she has still not arrived.”

There are a multitude of ways that this event could be interpreted by Simon, each leading to a different emotional experience, as follows:

  1. “Well that just goes to prove how unlikable I really am, she decided not to bother coming”. – Feels ‘crestfallen’ and ‘sad’.
  2. “Absolutely typical, let down once again. This just proves that you can’t trust people”. – Feels ‘angry’ and ‘bitter’
  3. “She must be stuck in traffic and will probably be here soon. If not, I’ll pop and and see that other film I really wanted to see anyway” – Feels ‘composed’ and ‘optimistic’.

The WAY any person interprets this type of event is based on their underlying belief systems about themselves (1) about other people (2) or their general understanding and sense of optimism (3).

CBT helps people to identify and then modify these underlying assumptions that often give rise to unhelpful emotional outcomes.

Free Initial Consultations

free initial consultations image - choose your own path

We offer all prospective clients an initial consultation to discuss your mental health problems prior to commencing any counselling.

The consultation is free and lasts around 50 minutes.

During this consultation we will discuss the various types of psychological therapy that are available to you and make a considered recommendation based on your individual personal circumstances.

Initial consultations are also available as part of our online counselling service.

At Tranceform Psychology we emphasise the importance of the therapy relationship in helping people to bring about effective change, so its important to be able to ‘meet’ to discuss our change programmes BEFORE proceeding.

Our policy is to help people make a fully balanced & considered decision about undertaking mental health work with us, including both the financial and personal implications.

Buy Our Self-Help Book

The Restrictive Realities of Belief is Paul's recently authored self-help book containing everything you need to know about how mental health problems are 'realised' through the socio-cultural beliefs that we acquire over our lifetimes and what you can do to bring about effective change.


You can read a synopsis of what this book is all about on this page:

The Restrictive Realities of Belief - Book

It is currently available as a 307 page A4 PDF file for just £19.99 which you can purchase here using PayPal. Your copy of the book will be sent by e-mail.

Tranceformental CBT banner

For most mental health problems we recommend following our 10 session Tranceformental CBT Programme to overcome a wide range of mental health and behavioural problems.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a proven, evidence-based form of mental health counselling for developing a fundamental understanding of the dynamics of your problem, but also for learning new coping skills and strategies for sustainable change over your life.

The full course costs £795 which you can pay for on our fees page.

Tranceformental CBT is available On-line as well as a one-to-one format in the clinic.

Visit Online Counselling for more details.

Online counselling with Paul Lee on laptop

Contact Paul Lee BSc. MSc. MIAEBP

Read about Paul

Psychologist paul lee in shrewsbury

Hi, I have both Bachelor's and Master's degrees in Psychology & specialise in the following therapeutic modalities:

Tranceformental CBT

Life Coaching

Psychodynamic Therapy

Call me on 07434 776125

or e-mail me on:


Want to Find Out More?

Then Get in Touch Today.

happy group of people after having mental health counselling

2021 Celebrating 12 Years of Mental Health Service in the West Midlands & Shropshire.

© TranceForm Psychology 2009 - 2021 | Website Design by Paul